Tasmanian temperate forests


The north-east of Tasmania along with the Bass Strait, Furneaux Group and King Island, forms this ecoregion of comparatively dry eastern forests, woodlands and coastal vegetation.

Tasmanian temperate forests


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18,252 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​



Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – LBM1948, 2009 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Every-leaf-that-trembles, 2020

Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!


Games: PlayAbels


Construction: Spider Tech

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!


Plant native peppermint eucalypts such as Black Peppermiint (Eucalyptus amygdalina), White Peppermint (Eucalyptus pulchella) and Brooker's Gum (Eucalyptus brookeriana) if you have space. Also native confiers such as Tasmanian Cypress-pine (Callitris oblonga) and Port Jackson Pine (Callitris rhomboidea) make nice features. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native sub-canopy trees like Drooping She-oak (Allocasuarina verticillata) and Cape Pillar She-oak (Allocasuarina crassa). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native shrubs such as Southern Grevillea (Grevillea australis), Smooth Pomaderris (Pomaderris elliptica subsp. diemenica), Dagger Wattle (Acacia siculiformis) and Spreading Wattle (Acacia genistifolia) for structure. These plants create dense shrubby refugia for birds and mammals. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.


Plant native creeping groundcovers like Swamp Mazus (Mazus pumilio) and White Purslane (Montia australasica) in wet areas, while in dry areas try Horny Conebush (Isopogon ceratophyllis) for features. Thick, bushy grasses like Poa gunnii and Poa poiformis help create a thick ground-layer of tussock-grasses. To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants, log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.


The north-east of the island of Tasmania is drier than the rainy western side and is dominated by the Tasmanian temperate forests ecoregion. This area is formed by the coastal to north-eastern mountain regions of the island, as well as offshore islands like those of the Furneaux Group. It’s coastal, temperate climate provides for an array of different plant communities ranging from coastal grasslands to dense forests. Many of the species found in these areas are also found across the rest of Tasmania, but some, notably reptiles, are more common in this drier, warmer corner of the island.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.


Devonian granites and sedimentary rocks



Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.

Little Pygmy-possum
(Cercartetus lepidus)

Forty-spotted Pardalote
(Pardalotus quadragintus)

Tasmanian Native-hen
(Tribonyx mortierii)

Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Tasmanian Emu
(Dromaius diemenensis)

King Island Emu
(Dromaius minor)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

The Swift Parrots of Tasmania are major pollinators of some of the most iconic and important forest trees of Tasmania, including the Tasmanian Blue Gum. They pollinate these gums during their flowering, getting pollen on their heads and necks, and transport often many kilometres to other trees, enriching the genetic health of Tasmania's gum forests.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.