Tasmanian Central Highland forests


An area of cool temperate broadleaf and mixed forests that sits atop Tasmania’s Central Highlands, also referred to as the Central Plateau. It is the coldest ecoregion on Tasmania with temperatures often reaching freezing in winter.

Tasmanian Central Highland forests


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18,743 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​



Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 2.0 Generic – Jayegirl99, 2009 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Every-leaf-that-trembles, 2020

Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!


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Construction: Spider Tech

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!


Plant native eucalypts and conifers such as Tasmanian Snow Gum (Eucalyptus coccifera), Pencil Pine (Athrotaxis cupressoides) and King Billy Pine (Athrotaxis selaginoides) if you have space. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native sub-canopy trees like Chestnut Pine (Diselma archeri) and Varnished Gum (Eucalyptus vernicosa). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant hardy shrubs such as Mountain Currant (Coprosma nitida), Gunn's Heath (Epacris gunnii) and Mountain Pinkberry (Leptecophylla juniperina subsp. parvifolia) for structure as well as Snow Berry (Gaultheria hispida) and Black-eyed Susan (Tetratheca pilosa) in sheltered spots. These plants create dense shrubby refugia for birds and mammals. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.


Plant native groundcovers like Spreading Guinea-flower (Hibbertia procumbens), Blue Daisy (Brachyscome spathulata), Mountain Muehlenbeckia (Muehlenbeckia axillaris) and Orange Everlasting (Xerochrysum subundulatum) and thick, bushy grasses like Poa gunnii to create a thick ground-layer of tussock-grasses. To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants, log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.


The Tasmanian Central Highland forests are an ecoregion of wet and dry sclerophyll forests and woodlands found in the center of Tasmania. The ancient plateau around which the ecoregion has formed was glaciated during ice ages and glaciers carved numerous depressions into the landscape. The vegetation is dominated by a range of tall eucalypt forests and at higher elevations, conifer forests that are unique to the island. Much of the area is in a relatively undisturbed state and there are no IUCN-listed ecosystems within the ecoregion. The area has a high number of endemic plants and many species of animals no longer found elsewhere in Australia.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.


Ultramafic and igneous mountain ranges and plateaus



Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.
Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Clubmoss Everlasting
(Ozothamnus selaginoides)

Lord Howe Fantail
(Rhipidura cervina)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Eastern Bettongs can assist in the turn-over, aeration, temperature regulation and balance of living organisms in forest soils. In this way these small mammals help maintain the relationships between plants and fungi in Tasmania's forests.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.