Northern Dry Pacific Coast mangroves

El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua

Coastal strips of mangrove forest along the western seaboard of Central America stretching from El Salvador north to Guatemala.

Northern Pacific mangroves


0 %


1,035 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​



Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 2.0 Generic – Vanja, 2010 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Every-leaf-that-trembles, 2020

Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!


Holidays: Las Flores Resort


At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!


Plant large, native mangrove trees with important roles in this ecoregion such as Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) and Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans), if you have space. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native sub-canopy mangroves like Button Mangrove (Conocarpus erectus) and White Mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native shrubs like Spiked Pepper (Piper aduncum) and Leucaena salvadorensis. These plants create dense shrubby refugia for birds and mammals. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.


Try tolerant, native groundcovers like the sedge Cyperus ligularis and Zip Begonia (Begonia conchifolia). To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants, log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.


Some of the best remaining mangrove coastlines in El Salvador occur within this ecoregion. These large mangrove forests are located on the southern seaboard of the country, south and west of the town of Usulutan. The area has experienced deforestation and rapid development but some areas (mostly those too difficult to alter) have remained including the globally important Bahía de Jiquilisco Biosphere Reserve and RAMSAR site. The mangrove forests and tidal flats are important areas for huge populations of wading birds, coastal crustaceans and shellfish and rare, declining mammals. Many of the areas birds are migratory spending warmer months in the northern part of the Americas.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.


Food and Homeware: San Miguel Mill


Brackish and marine coastal estuaries, bays and islands



Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.

Black Spiny-tailed Iguana
(Ctenosaura similis)

Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.
Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.
Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Tamanduas are a type of anteater but are also arboreal (live in trees). They are highly-specialised to hunt down and consume ants and termites, and help control their populations in a wide variety of habitats.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.