Naracoorte woodlands

Australia

A heavily-persecuted, coastal ecoregion sadly only retaining 10% of its original native vegetation in woodland remnants, coastal heaths and swamps.

Naracoorte woodlands

Status

Protection
0 %

Size

24,431 km²

 

Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 2.5 Generic – Glen Fergus, 2005 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 3.0 Unported – Hesperian, 2007

ACT
Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!

PRODUCTS

Food and Homeware: Gracefully Green

Services

Pest Control: Green Pesty

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!

CANOPY LAYER

Plant a range of feature eucalypts like River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) and the beautiful White Ironbark (Eucalyptus leucoxylon) if you have space. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.

SUB-CANOPY LAYER

Plant native sub-canopy trees like the Late Black Wattle (Acacia mearnsii), Three-nerve Wattle (Acacia trineura), Lerp Mallee (Eucalyptus incrassata), Drooping She-oak (Allocasuarina verticillata), Dryland Tea-tree (Melaleuca lanceolata) and Scarlet Bottlebrush (Melaleuca rugulosa). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.

SHRUB LAYER

Plant native shrubs such as Thorn Wattle (Acacia continua), Desert Banksia (Banksia ornata), Heath Tree-free (Leptospermum myrsinoides), Green Tea-tree (Leptospermum coriaceum), Tufted Grass-tree (Xanthorrhoea semiplana), Common Heath (Epacris impressa) and Fringe-myrtle (Calytrix tetragona). To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.

GROUND LAYER

Plant colourful natives that bring in the pollinators like Matted Bush-pea (Pultenaea pedunculata), Australian Buttercup (Ranunculus lappaceus), Common Correa (Correa reflexa), Flame Heath (Stenanthera conostephioides), River Saltbush (Atriplex amnicola) and the bright Blue Pincushion (Brunonia australis). To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants like Australian Waterbuttons (Cotula australis), Chaffy Saw-sedge (Gahnia filum), Common Spike-rush (Eleocharis acuta) and Cotula (Cotula australis), log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.

Learn

Only 10% of this ecoregion remains with the vast majority having been converted to pasture, cropping and vineyards. The original vegetation here was dominated by open sclerophyll woodlands with mallee eucalypts, tall grass-trees and myrtles. Towards the coastal areas the mighty Coorong with its spits, estuaries and lagoons supports some of the ecoregion’s best preserved wildlife, with rare parrots, frogs and unique reptiles found sheltering. The ancient limestone soils provide for an array of woodland plants from rare bulbs to delicate southern heaths and correas. Despite its persecution over the last few hundred years, the Naracoorte woodlands hold onto some rare gems that make this region of high conservation significance.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.

Geology

Sandy flat, or gently undulating lowlands with coastal estuaries, lagoons, spits and calcrete plains

Climate

Mediterranean

Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.

Southern Toadlet
(Pseudophryne semimarmorata)

Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Kangaroo Island Emu
(Dromaius baudinianus)

Lord Howe Fantail
(Rhipidura cervina)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Aquatic plants like saw-sedges are excellent biofiltration agents. They slow water velocity with their foliage, soak up suspended nutrients and help to retain sediments, all-in-all leading to clearer, cleaner water.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.