Hampton mallee and woodlands


An area of mallee woodlands and heaths atop ancient coastal dunes and plains. The ecoregion forms the southern edge of the Nullarbor Plains in Western Australia and South Australia.

Hampton mallee


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10,882 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​



Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Bahnfrend, 2017 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 3.0 Unported – Hesperian, 2007

Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!


Food and Homeware: Good Riddance


Waste Management: NT Recycling Solutions

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!


Plant Ridge-fruited Mallee (Eucalyptus angulosa), Soap Mallee (Eucalyptus diversifolia) and Narrow-leaved Mallee (Eucalyptus angustissima). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native sub-canopy trees like the Granite Bottlebrush (Melaleuca elliptica), Western Myall (Acacia papyrocarpa) and Cyclops Wattle (Acacia cyclops). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native shrubs that are hardy to desert conditions like the Desert Quandong (Santalum acuminatum) and One-sided Bottlebrush (Calothamnus quadrifidus). To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.


Plant tufts of feature grasses like Porcupine Grass (Triodia scariosa) and Common Wallaby-grass (Rytidosperma caespitosum), as well as important moisture-bearing groundcovers like Ruby Saltbush (Enchylaena tomentosa), Grey Saltbush (Atriplex cinerea), Cushion Fanflower (Scaevola crassifolia) and Pearl Bluebush (Maireana sedifolia). To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants, log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.


The Hampton mallee and woodlands are an exciting ecoregion nestled on the very southern edge of Western Australia’s Nullarbor Plains. The region is characterised by open coastal plains with extensive and very ancient sand dune systems. The vegetation is mostly low mallee woodland and open coastal heath with interesting native plants found on scattered scree slopes, cliffs and limestone pavements. Due to the very old geology and calcareous soils, the area supports many endemic species including numerous plants and four species of lizard. The area is threatened by invasive species, particularly rabbits and feral horses which graze and trample the sensitive dune ecosystems.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.


A limestone escarpment with a large coastal plain of marine dunes



Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.

Baudin's Skink
(Pseudemoia baudini)

Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Crescent Nail-tail Wallaby
(Onychogalea lunata)

Brush-tailed Mulgara
(Dasycercus blythi)

Australian Bustard
(Ardeotis australis)

Lord Howe Fantail
(Rhipidura cervina)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Currawongs are boisterous and intelligent omnivorous birds. This means they often dominate local feeding hierarchies in nature and in this way they are keystone species in restructuring avian populations.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.