Flinders-Lofty montane woodlands


A relatively small, but highly biodiverse ecoregion of north-south facing ranges uplifted and contorted into amazing shapes.

Mount Lofty


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23,800 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​



Background – CC Attribution 3.0 Unported – Peripitus, 2007 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Every-leaf-that-trembles, 2020

Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!


Food and Homeware: Kangaroo Island Bee Community

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!


Plant a range of feature eucalypts like Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) and Summer Red Mallee (Eucalyptus socialis) if you have space. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native sub-canopy trees like Belah (Casuarina cristata), beautifully-scented Peppermint Box (Eucalyptus odorata), Lerp Mallee (Eucalyptus incrassata) and Scarlet Bottlebrush (Melaleuca rugulosa). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native shrubs such as Flinders Range Wattle (Acacia iteaphylla), Wallowa (Acacia calamifolia), Large-leaved Bush-pea (Pultenaea daphnoides), Common Heath (Epacris impressa), Beaked Hakea (Hakea rostrata) and Fringe-myrtle (Calytrix tetragona). The Spreading Correa (Correa decumbens) is a great, low shrub for Kangaroo Island. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.


Plant colourful natives that bring in the pollinators like Matted Bush-pea (Pultenaea pedunculata), Australian Buttercup (Ranunculus lappaceus) and the bright Blue Pincushion (Brunonia australis). For features, try bulbs like the gorgeous Garland Lily (Calostemma purpureum) and Chocolate Lily (Dichopogon strictus). To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants like Australian Waterbuttons (Cotula australis), Common Spike-rush (Eleocharis acuta) and Feather Spear-grass (Stipa elegantissima), log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.


The Flinders and Mount Lofty Ranges form some of the most remarkable landscapes in South Australia. From huge folds of colourful sandstone to deep chasms and gorges, these mountains and plains are renowned for an array of native wildlife. A wide range of plant communities thrive in these areas where often poor soils have resulted in amazing diversity as different plant species adapt to different conditions. From duck orchids to native daffodils and from desert peas to grass-trees, the plant diversity harbours a magical array of native animals too. A variety of endemic species (found nowhere else) also occur, including the cute Adelaide Pygmy Blue-tongued Skink and tiny Streambank Froglet. The beautiful Kangaroo Island in the ecoregion’s south is one such area at increasing risk of hot, ferocious fires that are too hot even for these fire-adapted species.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.


An ancient fold-and-thrust belt of what are now mainly sandstones, limestones and shales



Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.

Australian Masked Owl
(Tyto novaehollandiae)

Golden-green Carpenter Bee
(Xylocopa aerata)

Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.

Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby
(Petrogale penicillata)

Kangaroo Island Spider-orchid
(Caladenia ovata)

Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Kangaroo Island Emu
(Dromaius baudinianus)

Mt Lofty Spotted Quail-thrush
(Cinclosoma anachoreta)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Carpenter bees have short mouthparts and are important pollinators for many open-faced or shallow flowers. For some species of native plants they are the only animal that can successfully pollinate them.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.