Einasleigh Uplands savanna

Australia

A savanna ecoregion found inland of the tropical Queensland coast around Cairns and extending westwards towards the interior of the southern cape. It includes a remarkable array of geology, landscapes and upland habitats and is characterised by generally woodland-type vegetation with open grasslands, riparian and wetland areas as well as patches of small rainforests and vine thickets.

Einasleigh_Upland_Savanna

Status

Protection
0 %

Status

Size

116,257 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​

Nil

Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 3.0 Unported – Lobster1, 2013 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 3.0 Unported – Nrg800, 2011

ACT
Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!

PRODUCTS

Food and Homeware: Enviroshop

Services

Holidays: Cape York Motorcycle Tours

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!

CANOPY LAYER

Plant beautiful native trees like Queensland Ebony (Lysiphyllum hookeri), Cullen's Ironbark (Eucalyptus cullenii) and Darwin Stringybark (Eucalyptus tetradonta) if you have space. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.

SUB-CANOPY LAYER

Plant native sub-canopy trees and tall shrubs including Gidgee (Acacia cambagei), an ecosystem pioneer and keystone species, Leichhardt Bean (Cassia brewsteri), Doolan (Acacia salicina) and Gilbert River Box (Eucalyptus microneura). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.

SHRUB LAYER

Plant native shrubs such as Silver-leaf Cassia (Senna phyllodinea), Bossiaea carinalis, Thread-leaved Hopbush (Dodonaea filifolia), Currant-bush (Carissa ovata), Sims' Wattle (Acacia simsii), Umbrella Wattle (Acacia oswaldii) and Supplejack (Ventilago viminalis). These plants create dense shrubby refugia and provide plenty of nectar for birds and mammals. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.

GROUND LAYER

Plant native grasses like Queensland Bluegrass (Dichanthium sericeum) and Limestone Grass (Enneapogon polyphyllus) along with colourful flowering herbs like Goodenia cycloptera and Berlajamu (Pterocaulon serrulatum). To create habitat, consider installing a pond with Giant Water-lily (Nymphaea gigantea) or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants, log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.

Learn

Located in an area of tropical and subtropical Queensland, just inland of the moist coast, the Einasleigh Uplands is a diverse, relatively dry ecoregion. The area consists of ancient eroded volcanic rocks underlying extensive woodlands, grasslands and remnant rainforests and vine-thickets. In some areas the rich igneous geology is clearly visible from the surface. Dominant plants include ironbarks and other eucalypts, with native grasses covering the ground-layer. Due to the rocky, upland nature of the area, there are many species of endemic mammals and reptiles found nowhere else on earth. Important river systems and wetlands also support aquatic life and migratory populations of water-birds. The area has undergone fairly extensive human modification for largely farming and grazing practices.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.

Geology

Upland plateaus, slopes and ridges of clay, stony metamorphics and some of the largest igenous intrusions and lava flows in the world

Climate

Tropical - Subtropical

Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.
Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Mountain Mist Frog
(Litoria nyakalensis)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Bats are keystone species in cave ecosystems because their droppings are the primary energy source that supports a diverse assemblage of cave-dependent insects and other wildlife.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.