Eastern Australian temperate forests


A range of subtropical – temperate forests and woodlands extending in a belt down the east coast of Australia from central Queensland to central New South Wales. Generally centred on the Great Dividing Range.

East Australian forests


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Background – Dr Mark Nadir Runkovski, 2021 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Every-leaf-that-trembles, 2020

Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!


Fashion: SWOP
Food and Homeware: Asiki
Food and Homeware: Flora & Fauna
Food and Homeware: Little Eco Shop
Food and Homeware: Messines Farm
Food and Homeware: Seed and Sprout


Cultural Burning: Firesticks
Digital Consulting: Luminary
Energy Provider: Nectr
Environmental Consulting: Natura Pacific

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!


Plant native eucalypts dependent on your region. In northern areas try Scribbly Gum (Eucalyptus racemosa) and Swamp Mahogany (Eucalyptus robusta) while in southern areas Spotted Gum (Corymbia maculata) and Coast Grey Box (Eucalyptus bosistoana) are appropriate. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds, growing native vines like Parsonsia straminea up your trees and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native palm species endemic to this area such as Cabbage Palm (Livistona australis), along with Red Kamala (Mallotus philippensis), Brown Bolly Gum (Litsea leefeana) and Brown Kurrajong (Commersonia bartramia). To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.


Plant native acacias such as Brisbane Wattle (Acacia fimbriata) in the north, and Early Green Wattle (Acacia decurrens) in the south. Native peas such as Pultenaea villosa and Wild May (Leptospermum polygalifolium) also provide good nectar resources. Coastal Rosemary (Westringia fruticosa) creates dense shrubby refugia for birds and mammals in the south. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.


Plant native groundcovers like Hop Goodenia (Goodenia ovata), Native Fan-flower (Scaevola aemula) and thick, bushy rushes like Lomandra longifolia and Gahnia clarkei to create a lush ground-layer. Plant native butterfly and other insect foodplants like Emu-foot (Cullen tenax) and Native Plumbago (Plumbago zeylanica). To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants like Juncus usitatus, log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.


Covering the eastern seaboard of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales, a large and varied region of eucalypt-dominated open forests, rainforests and in some cases grasslands extends from around the Great Dividing Range to the Pacific coast where it forms heaths, mangroves and dune vegetation. This ecoregion has a subtropical climate and harbours a range of dry to wet ecosystems experiencing between 600mm and 1,300mm of rainfall annually. The ecoregion contains a large array of ecosystems that are listed ranging from Least Concern to Critically Endangered by the IUCN including among the most imperilled, the Cumberland Plain Woodland in the Sydney basin. The ecoregion boasts very high diversity due to its position on the crux of tropical, subtropical and temperate climates with over 5,000 species of native flora and many of Australia’s most recognisable fauna.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.


Sedimentary and metamorphic coastal lowlands to igneous mountain ranges


Subtropical - Temperate

Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.

(Phascolarctos cinereus)

Richmond Birdwing
(Ornithoptera richmondia)

Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Paradise Parrot
(Psephotellus pulcherrimus)

White-footed Rabbit Rat
(Conilurus albipes)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Flying-fox mediated tree pollination and seed dispersal - three species of flying-fox live in this ecoregion and are integral to the health of its native vegetation. Many species of flowering trees rely on these bat pollinators to spread their pollen, and therefore their genes, over hundreds of kilometers.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.