Carpentaria tropical savanna

Australia

An area of strong seasonal rainfall and wide arcing coastal deltas, the Carpentaria tropical savanna is a land of wilderness and tropical biodiversity on the coast of the Arafura Sea.

Carpentaria tropical savanna

Status

Protection
0 %

Status

Size

365,042 km²

UNESCO World Heritage Sites​

 

Background – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – James Fitzgerald, 2011 / Map – CC Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International – Every-leaf-that-trembles, 2020

ACT
Help your Ecoregion
So what can you do to help your ecoregion? Below is a list to help you support your ecoregion, while also achieving life's everyday tasks. Don’t underestimate your power in doing good for nature!

PRODUCTS

Food and Homeware: Good Riddance

Services

Holidays: Yagurli Tours

At Home
Below is a list of actions you can easily take at home to minimise your impact on the ecoregion in which you live, and the rest of the planet too!
In your Garden
Below is a list of native plants and habitat creation tips you can use in your garden or on your property to give your ecoregion and its species a boost!

CANOPY LAYER

Plant iconic native trees such as Silver Box (Eucalyptus pruinosa), Snappy Gum (Eucalyptus leucophloia subsp. euroa) and stunning Red-flowered Kurrajong (Brachychiton paradoxus) for colour, if you have space. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating hollows in old, dead tree limbs.

SUB-CANOPY LAYER

Plant native sub-canopy trees and tall shrubs including the ornamental Shoestring Acacia (Acacia stenophylla), Carpentaria Sandpaper Fig (Ficus aculeata) and Desert Walnut (Owenia reticulata). For architectural form try Darwin Pandanus (Pandanus spiralis) which is great for birds. To create habitat, consider installation of nestboxes for native birds and creating tree hollows in old, dead tree limbs.

SHRUB LAYER

Plant native shrubs like the amazing Grevillea heliosperma and Grevillea dryandri for colour and structure as well as Coastal Lollybush (Volkameria inermis). These plants create dense shrubby refugia and provide plenty of nectar for birds and mammals. To create habitat, consider installing insect hotels, compost-heaps and bird-baths in this layer.

GROUND LAYER

Plant clumping annuals and perennials such as Ptilotus spicatus, Heliotropium cunninghamii and the graminoids Button Grass (Dactyloctenium radulans), Eleocharis atropurpurea and Comet Grass (Perotis rara). For awesome ground-level features, try trailing Ipomoea argillicola to create dense blankets of foliage and flowers. To create habitat, consider installing a pond or bog-garden with native aquatic and riparian plants such as the Carpentaria Waterlily (Nymphaea carpentariae), log-piles for sheltering amphibians and reptiles and leave areas of leaf-litter for important insects.

Learn

This ancient sedimentary land of mighty sandstone gorges, rivers, deltas and lagoons is teeming with amazing biodiversity. It’s coastal tropical climate provides for an array of different plant communities ranging from coastal mangroves and small monsoon rainforests to inland arid grasslands and saltbush plains. The area is a critical migratory bird stop-over with many species using the East Asian-Australasian Flyway stopping to feed in the relatively clean waters, lagoons and estuaries. There is a rich reptile and mammal fauna with many of them endemic to the area (found nowhere else on earth). Species such as the Julia Creek Dunnart and Carpentarian Rock-rat hang on here; bygones of a time when Australia was free of feral animal pests that have caused these sorts of small, native mammals so much harm.

Ecoregion Structure
The structure of the ecoregion is defined as the key living and non-living features characterising its ecosystems, and the differences between how these ecosystems are arranged. For example, layers of vegetation, geology, habitat features and landscapes.

Geology

Ancient sedimentary ranges, gorges and valleys leading to a wide arc of alluvial and depositional plains along the coast

Climate

Tropical

Iconic Landscapes

Native plant communities

Scenes by @blueringmedia
Ecoregion Composition
The composition of the ecoregion is defined as the biodiversity that inhabits its ecosystems, and the differences between this biodiversity. For example, communities, populations, species, subspecies and genetic traits.
Keystone Species​
Keystone species are those that have a disproportionately large effect on the ecosystems in which they live, relative to their natural abundance there. In other words, species with a really important role in the health of ecosystems.
Flagship Species
Flagship species are those that are chosen by people to represent a wider conservation message, usually for a given place or social context, and as such often carry conservation messages for wider biodiversity.

Olive Python
(Liasis olivaceus)

Recently Extinct Species
All around the world, biodiversity is declining at a concerning rate. For some species it's already too late, and they have disappeared from the ecoregions they once called home. These are some examples of those lost species.

Lord Howe Fantail
(Rhipidura cervina)

Lord Howe Thrush
(Turdus vinitinctus)

Ecoregion Function
The function of the ecoregion is defined as how its structural and compositional components all work together to form ecological relationships and processes which change over time through geological shifts and evolution by natural selection.

Keystone Relationships

Dingoes are an essential part of many of Australia's ecosystems. They are an apex predator and as such keep natural food-chains in check. They also keep feral animal numbers down.

Life-support Systems​

Biodiversity is fundamental to a healthy planet and thriving communities, but the world's species are under tremendous threat.